Top Menu

Jean Bradley Anderson Papers

Audio and transcript of Jean Anderson oral history interview.

Title: Jean Bradley Anderson Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1934-2012 and undated
Extent of Materials: 30 boxes (20.75 linear feet; approx. 13,000 items)
Location: NC Room
Date of Accession: 2011
Donor: Jean Bradley Anderson
Relationship of donor or materials to the DCL/NCR:
Processor: Joshua Larkin Rowley
Subject Headings: Durham County (N.C.)–History.
Orange County (N.C.)–History.
Genealogy–North Carolina.
Genealogy Sources.
Anderson, Jean Bradley.
The Jean Bradley Anderson Papers span the years 1934-2012, with most of the material dating between 1964 and 2012. The collection consists of correspondence, research notes, copies of original manuscript material and secondary sources, photographs, clippings, print material, oral histories, and ephemera. The bulk of the collection is made up of extensive material related to the research, writing, and publication of various published works, including both editions of Durham County. The collection also contains material relating to courses Anderson taught on genealogical research methodology, her work as a private researcher with the North Carolina Department of Archives and History, as well as her numerous endeavors on behalf of local historic preservation.
Scope and Content: ” The Jean Bradley Anderson Papers are organized into five series: Alphabetical Files, Monograph Files, General Research Files, Print Material and Oversize Material. The material ranges in date from 1934-2012 with a majority dating between 1964 and 2012. Materials are primarily composed of research materials, writings, correspondence, and other professional papers created during a career as a genealogist, historian, teacher, author and preservationist. Materials document the scope and depth of Anderson’s intellectual interest in, and dedication to, local history through research, writing, and historic preservation. Most of the materials present relate to the research and publication of both editions of Durham County: A History of Durham County North Carolina, Piedmont Plantation: The Bennehan-Cameron Family and Lands in North Carolina (1985), The Kirklands of Ayr Mount (1991), and Carolinian on the Hudson: The Life of Robert Donaldson (1996). Source materials relating to the historic foundations, establishment, growth, and development of Durham city and county are present throughout the collection.
The Alphabetical Files series consists mainly of research material related to the publication of both editions of Durham County: A History of Durham County North Carolina. Among the myriad topics present include African-American history in the city of Durham, Durham County, and Orange County, including neighborhoods, cemeteries, cultural and professional life, families, slaves, and freemen. Other topics include land and land ownership; local businesses, institutions, organizations, and industries; cemeteries, mills, and churches; the history of medicine and medical practice in North Carolina; and contemporary topics such as Latin American immigration, HIV and AIDS, and the development of Research Triangle Park.
A significant amount of material consists of hand-written research notes, research index cards, clippings and ephemera, family genealogies, interview transcripts, and copies of original manuscripts and records found in local repositories and private collections, including historic tax lists, censuses, deeds, and voter registration records from the 18th through the 20th century. There are also copies of secondary source material such as journal articles and unpublished biographical sketches and genealogies compiled and written by others.
Numerous annotated drafts of vignettes, articles, and presentation papers written by Anderson are also present. Among the writings by Anderson are several biographical and historical sketches for William Powell’s Encyclopedia of North Carolina. Materials relating to Anderson’s activism with local preservation organizations and historic sites including Hill House, the Eno River Association, Stagville Foundation, and applications for several local historic sites to be included in the National Registry of Historic Places are present as well. Property and landscape improvement plans for Hill House can be found in the Oversize Material Series. Other materials document Anderson’s activities as an independent researcher and genealogist, mainly correspondence with other manuscripts and records repositories and individual researchers. Prominent among them are correspondence with the Teer and Thompson families, the Cain family of Virginia concerning connections to the North Carolina Cains, and the Cirlot family of Mississippi regarding the Moores of North Carolina.
A small number of photographic prints and negatives are found in this series and include images of historic structures, notable individuals, historical artifacts, and maps. Specific images include the N.C. Mutual building and several since-demolished historic homes including the Eric Tilley, Robert McCauley, and Patterson homes.
The Monograph Series contains materials related to the research and publication of three monographs authored by Anderson, Piedmont Plantation: The Bennehan-Cameron Family and Lands in North Carolina (1985) , The Kirklands of Ayr Mount (1991), and Carolinian on the Hudson: The Life of Robert Donaldson (1996). This series documents Anderson’s in-depth research into the Bennehan-Cameron, Kirkland, and Donaldson families. Types of material present include research notes and index cards; genealogical material; copies of family records and manuscripts including correspondence, land deeds and grants, and plantation records; and research documenting the homes, grounds, and furnishings of Ayr Mount and Stagville. The Cameron family material contains several notepads of hand-written research notes. Collectively the Cameron notepads serve as a chronological family timeline consisting of references to and quotes from family letters, deeds, wills, and newspaper articles. The series also contains correspondence relating to various aspects of publication: permissions to publish images, communications with publishers, and peer reviews. Also present is a small amount of material documenting Anderson’s work with Historic Stagville that includes correspondence, meeting minutes, tour narratives, and improvement plans.
The General Research Files Series contains newspaper extracts, oral histories, and research notes on index cards. Newspaper extracts consist of several undated legal note pads comprised of hand-written notes taken by Anderson from local historic newspapers. The notepads begin in 1886 and conclude in 1944. Topics noted include local events and happenings, births and deaths, stories concerning prominent local families, politics and government, the tobacco and railroad industries, schools and churches, civic improvements, and crime. The oral histories consist of interviews with Fanny and Lewis Paulton (1982), Ema Isalina Rippley Perry (1972), and Cat Belvin, grandson of Billy Duke (1975). Use copies of each interview are available in Box 26. The index cards contain notes on local families including the Carr, Hill, Mangum, Vickers, Southgate, and numerous others; notes takes from local land deeds; the physical presence of and technological developments in the tobacco industry; entertainment and amusements including the theatre and music; and the construction of business buildings, neighborhoods, and private homes in Durham.
The Print Materials Series consists of periodicals, newsletters, and Anderson’s 1941 yearbook from the Agnes Irwin School. A UNC Press catalogue, Eno River Association calendars, and a 2009 Historic Durham calendar are also present. Periodicals include issues of Southern Accents, Town and Country, Classic Home, and The Magazine, Antiques. Newsletters deal primarily with historic preservation and include Carolina Comments, North Carolina Preservation, and Association for the Preservation of the Eno.
The Oversize Material Series contains mostly historic maps and family genealogies. The maps include facsimiles of an 1860 map of North Carolina Railroad property, an adaptation of D. G. McDuffie’s 1890 map of Durham, and a 1951 geological survey map of Durham with locations of historic family homes and lands labeled and handwritten notes on the reverse. Detailed genealogies of the Harris, Kirkland, Parker, and Thompson families are also present.
A portion of Anderson’s materials have been digitized and are available online here:
Related Materials:
Restrictions: A small number of unpublished papers are restricted. Otherwise, the collection is open for research.
Biographical/Historical Note: Jean Bradley Anderson, a resident of the Durham area since 1955, is a historian, teacher, professional genealogist, and pioneer Durham and Durham County preservationist. Anderson graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a BA in English from the University of Pennsylvania, received an MA from the same institution, and has taught the subject at Duke University and North Carolina Central University. She was a founding member of the Historic Preservation Society of Durham, now known as Preservation Durham. She has been active in numerous other local preservation efforts including the Eno River Association, Historic Stagville, and Hill House. She is the author of numerous books on local history including Durham County: A History of Durham County, North Carolina,commissioned by the Historic Preservation Society of Durham, now in its second edition; Piedmont Plantation: The Bennehan-Cameron Family and Lands in North Carolina commissioned by the North Carolina Division of Archives and History in 1948; The Kirklands of Ayr Mount,originally comissioned by the then-owner of Ayr Mount, Richard Jenrette, in 1985; Carolinian on the Hudson: The Life of Robert Donaldson, and Campus Club, Duke University: A History.
Condition Notes:
Organization of Collection: 1. Alphabetical Files, 1934-2012
2. Monograph Files, 1970-2010 and undated
3. General Research Files, 1972-1982 and undated
4. Print Material, 1941-2009
5. Oversize Material, 1951-2002
Code for project for which material was gathered: D – Durham County
P – Piedmont Plantation
K – Kirklands of Ayr Mount
C – Carolinian on the Hudson
B – Dictionary of North Carolina Biography
E – Encyclopedia of North Carolina
G – General file
O – Orange County
Container List:
Alphabetical Files, 1934-2012 Project Code
Box 1
Abercrombie family
African Americans (general)
African American churches
African American neighborhoods
The Arator (historic agricultural periodical) E
Architecture and architects
Armstrong family
Arts book (miscellaneous)
Austin family (Loyalists) G
Bennett Place (2 folders)
Brimberry family (not a Durham family) G
Bingham School O
Box 2
Blacknall House O
Blake, Dr. William (Hillsborough historian. His plats are in the collection.) O
Bogan (Boggan) family
Boundaries (county)
Browning, Hugh Conway (articles by him about Cabe family)
“William Brown” (Browning materials) O
“The Brown Family” (Browning materials) O
“Hillsborough and Orange Co.” (Browning materials) O
Miscellaneous Writings (Browning materials) O
Breeze family (goes with Browning) O
Built Environment
Cain family and correspondence (goes with Browning) O
Cain family–Hardscrabble plantation house (goes with Browning) O
Caldwell, North Carolina (community of Caldwell and the family) O
Cameron family addenda (from Cameron papers, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, UNC-CH, added to this collection with permission from Tim West, SHC) P
Campus Club project
Box 3
Cane Creek Baptist Church O
Carr, Julian S.
Carrington family
Cascine Plantation, Franklin County
Fitzgerald Cemetery
Little River Cemetery O
Cemetery records
Church history (2 folders)
St. Josephs A.M.E.
Cirlot family and correspondence (2 folders. Moore, Smith, and other families) G
City/County officials since 1980
Civil War (Durham)
Box 4
Clarendon Bridge E
Clarkton Plantation, Virginia (Khant House pictures)
Clinton-Duke families
Club Boulevard info (plat from Hillandale to Broad)
Computer Technology–Tom Gallie interview
Cothran genealogy (Cameron slaves’ midwife) P
Craig House (Alexander) O
Craig House (Bryant) O
Croasdaile Village Retirement Community
Deeds platted by Jean Anderson
Demographics, agriculture, and industry
Dickson House (Piper-Cox house now in Eno River State Park) O
Duke family (2 folders)
Dunnagan family
City and County government
Fire Department
Map (1887)
Maps list
Box 5
Post offices
Durham Academy
Durham County–Origins
Duty family G
Education (magnet and charter schools)
Ellis family
Ellis House O
Eno Indians
Eno River
“Valley of the Eno: Lands, People, Mills” (Browning) O
Eno River Association
“Eno River Grist Mill,” Browning, Hugh Conway
Environmental emergencies
Fairbrother, Al
Fairntosh (Stagville) P
Family histories (2 folders)
Box 6
Faucette family O
Few, William Preston and family–Few’s Ford talk sources
Fish Dam Road
Fort, William Knight (carpenter) P
Tom Frothingham interview
The Gastons of North Carolina–family tree C
Genealogy course
“The Gentle Johnston” (excerpts from the book)
Grabarek, Wensell (materials he gave Anderson about civil rights)
Graham, William Alexander (papers) (Duke has W. Alexander Graham Jr. Civil War letters that Anderson transcribed)
Granville District
Greene Co. (Georgia)–deeds extracts (many people migrated from Durham area to Greene Co.) G
Harris family
Box 7
HIV/AIDS-N.C. state report
Hart, Thomas O
Heartt, Dennis O
Heron, Becky interview
Hill House
Print Material
Hillsborough Academy O
Hillsborough Historical Society O
quit claim tract
Historical societies (North Carolina)
Hogan-Duke House (Ben Duke’s estate at University Station) O
Hogg-Webb families O
Holeman-Chambers House / Holeman-Gates House O
Holeman-Gates House O
Box 8
Holloway family G
Hooper-Haughawout families O
Horner family G
Horner School
Horton family P
Housing (Durham)
Huckleberry Springs at Riley’s
Immigration to N.C. (colonial) (materials for talk on immigration to the Durham area)
Immigration to N.C. (Hispanic and Latino)
Johnston House “Greenhill”
Kerckhoff, Sylvia (research notes)
Latta-Cabe deeds G
Leathers family P
Leigh, Richard Stanford family G
Link, Boyce (interview) (Piedmont Electric Station interview. Pleasant Green and Hwy 70 intersection)
Lipscombe family
Little River
Local history
Lowe’s Grove
McCulloh, Henry (early plats of Orange Co.)
McMannen family (2 folders)
Box 9
McMannen family (2 folders)
“Willie P. Mangum: Witness for the Defense” (article by Anderson)
Mangum family
Markhum, Edian and Walden (his wife’s) family
Marriage bonds and licenses
Mason Hall O
Medical articles
Medical History Symposium paper, “Planters’ Choice” (paper based on Cameron papers, Southern Historical Collection, UNC-CH)
Doctors (Hillsborough) O
Box 10
Medicine, cont’d
History (general)
Medical history (general)
Medical history (N.C.)
Research note cards (4 folders)
Research notes
Box 11
Milburn, Mrs. Yancey, reminiscences
Military Academy (North Carolina) O
Boyce Mill
Borland-McCauley Mill
Cain’s Mill
Faucette’s Mill
Mills (2 folders)
Red Mill
West Point Mill
Miss Lottie Rice (b.1769-d.1859)–Stagville housekeeper P
Monk family
Moore, Col. Stephen (of Mt. Tirzah, Person Co. Sold land that became West Point, NY)
Box 12
Moorefield’s Plan O
Mordecai School C
Morgans at Bennett Place G
Mount Carmel Meeting House (NC Genealogical Society Journal article)
New Bern Academy applicants for job as headmaster C
New Hope area O
New Hope Road (David Southern article)
Newsletters (Hillsborough Historical Society)
Nichols (also Rogers) family (deals with Nichols house)
North Carolina Central University (NCCU)
North Carolina Railroad (N.C.R.R.)
North Carolinian Society
Norwood family O
Oak Grove Township
Box 13
Old houses
“Old Kentucky Home” (Thomas Wolfe’s home in Asheville)
Orange County Preservation O
Orange County Tories O
Orange Factory
Organizations and tourist attractions
Parker family G
Parker-Mangum Family G
Parrish, D. C. (“27 Views of Durham” article)
Parrish family G
Patterson-Moore families G
Patterson family G
People–notable (Durham)
Photographic negatives
People and Places (photographed by Christine Alexander for publication in The Way We Lived in North Carolina, 1983, 5 v.)
Photographs (mounted)
Clyde Walker Cabin
Box 14
Photographs (mounted)
St. Mary’s Chapel O
Hardscrabble O
Pickett family G
Pictures from newspapers
Pitt County–1775 census (NC Genealogical Society Journal article)
Place names
Politics (Durham)
Powe, E. K. (house)
Pratt family
Primitive Baptist Church
Private schools
Ray, David family
Research Triangle Park
Roberts, Bennett Watson–biographical sketch by him of his father
Rosenwald Schools, Russell School, Cain’s Chapel
Roulhac, J. G. “Jacque” story (fascinating story of his death in Europe and his life in Hillsborough)
Ryals, Hildegard interview
St. Mary’s Chapel
St. Matthews Church
Schools (general)
Schools merger
Shaw, John
Shepard, James E. and NCCU
Sister Cities Program
Slaves and Free Families
1800-1850 Census (free blacks in Orange County)
1860 Census (free blacks in Orange County)
(Slaves and Free Families continued in Box 15)
Box 15
1870 Census (Durham Township)
1880 Census (Durham Township)
African-American voters (Durham, 1868-1869)
Bennehan Slaves–birth lists
Bennehan Cameron Slave Purchases P
Cameron slave graveyards
City directories–info on Cameron slaves
Families (African American)
Amey (Amis)
Goodloe (w)
Free blacks–N.C. Genealogical Society Journal
Free blacks–Wake County (1850)
Freedmen’s marriage records (cohabitation records)
Geer Cemetery–partial list
Horner, Jefferson (runaway slave notice)
Latta, Morgan Landon (notes from his autobiography)
Lipscomb slaves
(Slaves and Free Families continued in Box 16)
Box 16
Miscellaneous notes–African American (2 folders)
Mordecai slaves
Ray, Jim (slave)
Reconstruction era (Orange Co.)–Freedmen
Rigsby, Fox (freedman)
Russell, Henry
Sears, B. A.
Slave families compiled data (compiled by JBA)
Slave lists
Slaves–general notes (2 folders)
Stagville slave database
“Stagville: Kin and Community”
Tax lists and census–Orange County (1755-1840)
Trice, William (slave marriage)
Umstead slaves
Smith, Dr. James Strudwick
Social programs
South Lowell
Southgate–Jones families
Box 17
Spencer, Cornelia Phillips
Stagg family
Stewart, Piper, and Cabe
Stone masons (Duke University)
Strayhorn House–photos and history
Structures and interviews (miscellaneous)
Strudwick, Dr. Edmund
Tax Lists
Orange County, 1775, 1779, 1816 (3 folders)
Orange Grove, 1809
Wake County, ca. 1780s-1790s
Tar Heel/Raleigh (where nickname “Tar Heel” originated)
Dillard Teer family genealogy and correspondence (2 folders)
Thompson family and correspondence (see Family Trees in separate box)
Box 18
Thompson family and correspondence (2 folders)
Trading Path (Stagville)
Trice family
Turner portraits
Turrentine family
Twaddell, William P. (photograph)
Umstead family
Vesson, Ulysses
Vesuvius furnace
Water works
West Durham (Erwin Mills) and Village notes
Whitted family
Misc. Files Series
Bennehans in Virginia (includes photographs)
Cameron Park
Mildred Cameron medical report (from UNC’s Southern Historical Collection Cameron Family Papers)
Cameron family papers–facsimiles
“The Cameron Presence in Hillsborough” and research notes
Chronological research notepads of Cameron papers (now rearranged) (6-8)
Box 19
Chronological research notepads of Cameron papers (now rearranged) (9-11)
Deeds and estates
Johnson, Frank (black musician)
Land survey
Patridge’s Academy material (Norwich University beginnings. Camerons and other Hillsborough boys attended)
“Planters’ Choice” (medical history of Camerons. Another copy in Box 9)
Miscellaneous research notes
Research note cards (3 folders)
Clippings and ephemera
Box 19A
Notes from Stagville store books
Chronological research notepads of Cameron papers (now rearranged) (1-5)
Box 20
Furniture (originally from Bennehan house)
Stagville Foundation (2 folders)
Stagville talk
Carolinian on the Hudson (about Robert Donaldson) C
15 State St., NYC (Donaldson house) C
Adam family (Donaldson book) C
Alcott, John V. article, “Architectural Development at ‘Montrose’ in the 1850s” C
Background info (Virginia and New York) C
David Balance correspondence C
(Carolinian on the Hudson continued in Box 21)
Box 21
Correspondence (general) C
Cumberland Co. (N.C.) records C
Davis, Alexander Jackson C
Deeds–Fayetteville and elsewhere C
Donaldson, James (younger) C
Donaldson, Robert C
General research notes C
Info–various sources C
Tour notes C
Donaldson, Samuel C
A. J. Downing letters to Robert Donaldson C
Edgewater (Dutchess, County, NY) C
Letters and bills (re Carolinian on the Hudson) C
Blithewood (Donaldson estate NY) C
Edmonston, Charles (and family) (Donaldson book) C
Gaston-Henderson-Bronson-Walsh family histories (Donaldson book) C
(Carolinian on the Hudson continued in Box 22)
Box 22
Gaston, William–research notes (2 folders) C
Henderson family C
Historic structures (Fayetteville, N.C.) C
Philip Hone’s diary C
Hooper family C
Jones family C
Landscape history C
Lenox, Robert C
Livingston family C
McMillan family C
Milford plantation, S.C. C
Miscellaneous research notes C
Mordecai and Donaldson C
Permissions to publish letters C
Print material C
Publication C
Box 23
Reviews and letters
St. Andrew’s Society (Scottish merchants)
Ayr Mount
Correspondence (2 folders)
Genealogical worksheets
Lands and notes
Research notes
Box 24
General Research Files
Newspaper extracts, 1886-1923 (4 folders)
Box 25
Newspaper extracts, 1924-1944 (4 folders)
Box 26
Oral Histories
Cassette #1
Fanny and Lewis Patton
Cassette #2
Erna Rippey Perry (Cain family descendant)
Cassette #3
Mrs. “Cat” Belvin, granddaughter of Billy Duke
Digital masters of cassettes #1-#3
Use copy of cassettes #1-#3
Box 27
Index Cards
People (Families)
Important deeds
Box 28
Print Material
Carolina Comments
North Carolina Preservation
Association for the Preservation of the Eno
Southern Accents
Classic Home C
Town and Country
The Magazine, Antiques C
UNC Press catalogue K
Durham Historical Calendar
Box 29
Eno River calendars
Box 32
Articles – to view the article online, copy the http:// link and paste into your browser.
“The Amazing Mr. Mc”
Book reviews
“The Builder of San Souci”
“A Community of Men and Mills”
“Deciphering Mason Hall”
“For Better For Worse”
“A Founding Father: Dr. Claiborne Parrish”
“A Frenchman in Durham”
“High Noon at South Lowell”
“Hillsborough Academy”
“The History of Few’s Ford”
“Hotels in Durham”
“In Memoriam” for Hillsborough Historical Society members
“Let the Bridge Be Built”
“The Little River: a Keepsake for Posterity”
“Local History and Genealogical Research: It’s Respectable Now!”
“An Orange County Elopement”
“Paul Carrington Cameron as Planter”
“The Piper-Cabe Schoolhouse at Few’s Ford”
“Planter’s Choice: Home Physic to Phillip Syng Physick”
“To Live and Die in Durham”
“Town Lot 43 and the Brooks Family”
“William N. Pratt”
“Willie P. Mangum, Witness for the Defense”
Oversize Material Series
Oversize Folder (map drawer 78)
Hill House plans
Hardscape and landscape improvement plan
Planting plan and hardscape improvements
Existing tree improvements plan
Orchard Park renovations site plan (adjacent to Hill House and formerly owned by Hill family)
N.C. Railroad property line (1860)
Christian Monitor(ca. 1840s) facsimile (McMannen project)
Durham–geological survey map
Adaptation of McDuffie’s 1890 map (Cameron lands) P
Glencoe landscape (Burlington, N.C.)
Fish Dam Road
Box 30
Family Trees
Kirklands of Ayr Mount
Box 31
Slide listing
Slide scans


Updated October 24, 2015.