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Mayor Charles Markham Collection

Title:Mayor Charles Markham Collection
Inclusive Dates:1882-2001
Extent of Materials:24 boxes (23 Hollinger boxes and 1 oversized flat box).
Location:Box 21 in NC Room on filing cabinet; all others in Duke Storage
Date of Accession:2005 and 2015
Donor:Charles Markham; Charles Markam estate through Leslie Wickham, lawyer; Kirk Addison
Relationship of donor or materials to the DCL/NCRMayor Markham grew up in Durham, attended Durham public schools, Duke University, and UNC-Chapel Hill. His materials tie very closely into the community and the history of this area. His papers concerned with politics express the issues facing the citizens of Durham from the early to late 1980s.
Processor:Sally Watts and Jamie Patrick-Burns
Subject Headings:Advertising, Political.
City councils--North Carolina--Durham.
City planning --North Carolina.
Durham (N.C.)–Politics and government.
Local government--North Carolina--Durham.
Love letters.
Markham family.
Regional planning--North Carolina.
Scope and Content:The collection consists of clippings, photographs, correspondence, scrapbooks, and official reports. It is comprised mainly of documents associated with Markham’s time as mayor of Durham and as a lawyer. It also includes materials concerning his fraternity and personal interests. The paper’s of other members of Markham’s family including his sisters, Sarah and Eleanor Markham; father, Charles Markham Sr.; mother, Sadie Hackney Markham; and her parents, E. C. Hackney and Lina Mallory Hackney, are included in the collection. Subjects covered by the materials include Durham revitalization, the Phi Delta fraternity, political issues, and the Markham family genealogy. The collection is arranged into series, some based on content, some on the creator of the materials.
Related Materials:
Restrictions:Folder 239 is not available for public viewing at this time.
Biographical/Historical Note:Charles Blackwell Markham was born in Durham, North Carolina, on Sept. 15, 1926. He attended public schools in Durham and received his bachelor's degree from Duke University in 1942. After Duke, Markham attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Law School for one year. He received his law degree from George Washington University Law School (Washington, D.C.) in 1951. Before becoming Durham’s mayor, Markham worked as an attorney in New York City, NY, between 1960 and 1965 and as a director for the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in Washington, DC, between 1965 and 1968. In 1969 Markham became EEOC's deputy assistant secretary for Metropolitan Development (later Community Planning and Management). Three years later, Markham was the assistant dean at Rutgers Law School in Newark, New Jersey. Returning to Durham, Markham received a position at North Carolina Central University as an associate professor of law. He continued to hold this position until he opened his own law practice in 1984. In 1981, Markham was elected mayor and in 1983 he was reelected. After his defeat in 1985, Markham ran for the US Senate, but was defeated.
Condition Notes:Unprocessed parts of this collection include audio reels held in the NC Office.
Organization of Collection:1. Political Materials
1.1  Campaign materials
1.2  Issues Files
1.3  Miscellaneous papers as mayor
2. Academic and Professional Career
3. Phi Delta Theta
3.1  "Phi's of the 40s Reunion"
3.2  Phi Delta Theta Endowment Fund
3.3  Miscellaneous materials of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity
4. Personal and Family Materials
4.1 Clippings
4.1.1        Clippings collected by Markham
4.1.2        Clippings of Sarah Markham
4.2  Charles Markham Sr. papers
4.3  Sarah Markham papers
4.4  Eleanor Markham papers
4.5  Letters sent to Lina Mallory Hackney
4.6  Letters sent to Sadie Hackney Markham
4.7  Letters to miscellaneous individuals connected with the Markham family
4.8  Genealogical research
4.9  Documents of memorial to Individuals
4.10 Miscellaneous personal Materials
4.10.1 Ephemera not included with letters
4.10.2 Personal letters of Mayor Markham
5. Scrapbook
Container List:
1. Political Materials
These papers relate directly to Markham’s political interests and activities between 1977 and 1986. Clippings, letters, and reports reflect Markham’s involvement in Durham’s politics, covering the elections of 1979, 1981, 1983, and 1985, and his senate campaign of 1986. Also addressed are city planning activities such as the Durham Community Arts Center, the Durham Civic Center, and documents related to economic development efforts.
1.1   Campaign Materials
Markham had a special interest in Durham's political scene starting in 1977. This series concentrates mainly on his campaign activities of 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, and 1986. Included are clippings, letters, and advertisements that elucidate his campaign strategy and show the support he received from family, friends, and the citizens of Durham.
Box 1
1August 14, 1977, 1979, and undated. Miscellaneous materials (clippings, letters, one photograph, and notes) about Markham's City Council campaign of 1979.
2Sept. 1979-Nov. 1979. Photocopies of articles concerning Markham's campaign for city council in 1979, including articles on the defeat; one letter concerning the recount at one location.
3Aug. 31, 1979-Sept. 11, 1979. Clippings related to the time of Markham's 1979 campaign.
4Nov. 4, 1981, and undated. Clippings related to the candidates running in the 1979 mayoral race.
5Oct. 7, 1981-Nov. 12, 1981. Markham mayoral campaign of 1981 (letters, clippings, and one photograph).
6Oct. 21, 1981-Nov. 5, 1981. Congratulatory letters on the election (some with copies of acknowledgment from Markham).
7Nov. 4, 1981. Congratulatory letters on the election (some with copies of acknowledgment from Markham).
8Nov. 6-Nov. 12, 1981. Congratulatory letters on the election (some with copies of acknowledgment from Markham).
9Nov. 13, 1981- Nov. 20, 1981. Congratulatory letters on the election (some with copies of acknowledgment from Markham).
10Dec. 1981 and undated. Congratulatory letters on the election (some with copies of acknowledgment from Markham).
11Undated. Markham's mayoral campaign of 1983 (letters, phone instructions, and leaflets).
12Nov. 9, 1983-Nov. 18, 1983. Congratulatory letters on re-election.
13Nov. 19, 1983- Nov. 28, 1983; undated. Congratulatory letters on re-election.
14Nov. 9-Dec. 12, 1983. Congratulatory letters on re-election.
15Aug. 21, 1985-Nov. 29, 1985, and undated. Clippings related to the mayoral campaign of 1985.
16Nov. 6-Feb. 15, 1985. 1985 Post-election defeat correspondence.
17June 27, 1986-Sept. 5, 1986. Clippings and photograph related to Markham's US Senate Campaign of 1986.
Items separated include: The gavel given to Markham with inscription: “Presented with Appreciation to Charles Markham, Mayor; City of Durham; December 7, 1981- December 2, 1985.” (Box 12)
1.2 Issues Files.
These files cover issues that Markham addressed during his time in office. The Durham Civic Center Complex, the Durham Community Arts Center, and the watershed controversy are all discussed. Letters, clippings, and reports convey information about Markham’s attitude and actions on these topics.
Box 2
18June 29, 1981-June 21, 1984. Letters, clippings, and documents on the Civic Center (and the business participants).
19Oct. 20, 1983- Jan. 25, 1985. Official report for the Civic Center Complex (Feb. 27, 1984); clippings related to that project.
20March 5, 1984. Durham Civic Center Complex recommendation.
21October 31, 1983-Nov. 1, 1930, and undated. Documents concerning the benefits of the Chamber of Commerce's Economic Development Department (agendas, sheets, and bound report; short report from the Citizens' Committee on Transit).
22Oct. 27, 1983- Oct. 29, 1983, and undated. Letters and clipping concerning speech given by Rev. Jesse Jackson.
23Nov. 2, 1983-Feb. 20, 1984. Summaries presented to the City Council on the Durham Community Arts Center.
24March 1, 1984- April 12, 1984. Economic development efforts documents.
25Sept. 7, 1984. Watershed Issue letters.
26June 1984. Historic Property form (for Durham Courthouse).
Items separated include: A large folder containing the North Central Durham Plan (Feb. 1984). (Box 11) The certificate for the Award for National Excellence for Markham’s role in the Home Improvement Load Program (signed by Ronald Reagan). (Box 9)
1.3 Miscellaneous Papers as Mayor
Speeches, letters, and reports document the actions Markham took as mayor and support given to him during that time.
27Jan. 4, 1981-Nov. 25, 1985. Miscellaneous speeches, and public affairs-related materials including a photo, letters, and clippings related to events at which Markham spoke while campaigning or as mayor.
28Dec. 7, 1981. City Council agenda.
29ADec. 22, 1981-Oct. 17, 1984. Letters sent to Markham.
29 BJan. 21, 1985- Nov. 11, 1985. Letters sent to Markham.
29 CMay 12, 1983-Sept. 14, 1984. Responses from Markham as mayor.
30April 7, 1982-Dec. 19, 1985. Letters of appreciation for public appearances.
31Aug. 27, 1982. Chamber of Commerce advertising the sale of voters' phone numbers.
32Feb. 28, 1983-March 15, 1983. Clippings and letters of congratulations related to Durham winning an "All America City" designation.
335-Apr-83. Letter and photograph from Senator Tim Valentine.
34June 18, 1984- June 27, 1984. Award for national excellence from the Department of Housing and Urban Development; letters and travel arrangements.
35Nov. 8-12, 1984. Two letters from Kazuo Watanabe including three photographs.
36Sept. 28, 1985-Oct. 7, 1985. Inauguration of H. Keith H. Brodie as Duke University president (two programs and six letters).
Items separated include: A scrapbook containing packets of photocopies of articles for campaign promotion, clippings and advertisements taken out for the 1986 senatorial campaign, miscellaneous bulletins, “State of the City Report” March 4, 1986. The compiler of this scrapbook was probably one of Markham’s sisters. (Box 10)
2. Academic and Professional Career
Before and during Markham’s time as mayor, he worked as a lawyer and in other jobs at universities, as well as on committees. The letters and documents in this series reflect his time in those endeavors. Also included are items related to his time as a college student at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Box 3
37June 20, 1944; Sept. 18, 1973. Letter from the Herald-Sun Newspapers allowing Markham to represent them, agenda and articles related to Durham's Republican Party.
38March 13, 1946, and undated. Items associated with Duke University and UNC-Chapel Hill.
39June 18, 1946. Duke document (room reservation slip).
401947 Duke University graduation program and "Lowering of the Flag" program."
41August 11, 1953- April 22, 1954; undated. Letters and petitions for Markham to take the bar exam in 1954.
42June 26, 1959- Feb. 21, 1962; undated. Miscellaneous letters concerning the practice of law in New York.
43April 4, 1964. Letter on meeting of a public housing development project.
44Sept. 21, 1964. Protest of the conduct of the Urban Redevelopment and Public Housing Authorities.
45Dec. 12, 1965-March 27, 1968, and undated. Equal Opportunity Commission letters.
46Jan. 18, 1966-May 27, 1967. Commissioners' work: folder one (letters, clippings, documents, etc.).
47June 1967- Feb. 1968. Commissioners' work: folder two (letters, documents, etc.).
48Sept. 26, 1976. Letter concerning Markham's leaving Rutgers University.
49March 3, 1980- March 17, 1980. Recommendations for Markham to take the NC Bar exam; includes one response from Markham.
50May 25, 1980- May 14, 1981. Law publication (letters and notes).
51Jan. 11, 1982. Letter informing Markham of promotion to full professor at NCCU Law School.
52July 1982. Brief of the lawsuit again Duke Power Company; letter concerning the brief by Markham.
531983-1989. Who's who certificates.
54July 2, 1984-July 9, 1984. Congratulatory letters on opening law practice.
55July 9-10, 1984. Congratulatory letters on opening law practice.
56July 10-12, 1984. Congratulatory letters on opening law practice.
57July 12-17, 1984. Congratulatory letters on opening law practice.
58July 20-26, 1984, and undated. Congratulatory letters on opening law practice.
59July 24, 1984-Sept. 4, 1984. Letters of law office.
60August 1984-Jan. 1994. Miscellaneous items mainly relating to the practice of law.
611985 Agenda book.
62Oct. 30, 1985- Dec. 11, 1986. Governor' s Crime Commission letters.
63Dec. 12, 1986. Worker's Compensation School certificate.
64June 1992. Deputy commissioner evaluation form.
65April 2, 1998-March 17, 1999. Correspondence for the Theodore Kheel manuscript and notes.
66Undated. General biography of Markham and photocopies of articles Markham wrote between 1964 and 1979 that were published; copy of his birth certificate.
3. Phi Delta Theta
During Markham’s time at Duke University, he became a brother in the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Letters from the 1940s include those from other brothers fighting in WWII abroad. The bulk of the materials relate to a reunion and the endowment fund that Markham helped to organize.
3.1 "Phi's of the 40s Reunion"
Includes information related to catering, hotel accommodations, and other items related to organizing the event. The biographical sketches and preregistration forms include information on brothers who attended the reunion. A pin like that given to members attending the reunion is included (folder 196).
Box 4
671996 "Phi's of the 40's" preparation materials (1).
681996 "Phi's of the 40's" preparation materials (2).
691996 "Phi's of the 40's" preparation materials (3).
701996 "Phi's of the 40's" Biographical sketches (Alexander-Gable).
711996 "Phi's of the 40's" Biographical sketches (Gardner-Miller).
721996 "Phi's of the 40's" Biographical sketches (Noel-Zoeller).
731996 "Phi's of the 40's" Preregistration forms (Abbott-James).
741996 "Phi's of the 40's" Preregistration forms (Landon-Younger).
3.2   Phi Delta Theta Endowment Fund
Include letters sent to fraternity brothers to help raise money for the Phi Delta Theta Endowment Fund at Duke and summaries of the status of the endowment’s progress.
75July 1, 1994-June 18, 1997. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (letters and notes).
76Sept. 12-June 8, 1995 Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (letters and roster information).
77April 1, 1999-Aug. 11, 2000. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (letters and drafts).
782000 Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (miscellaneous items, letters, rosters, and addresses).
79Aug. 14, 2000-Feb. 2, 2001. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (status of members, updates).
80Aug. 14, 2000-Feb. 2, 2001. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (updates and letters).
81March 6-Dec. 25, 2001. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (letters, money issues, and miscelleaneous).
82Aug. 15, 2001. Phi Delta Theta Endowment fund (update).
3.3 Miscellaneous Materials of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity
Includes letters, newsletters, and a certificate. Of special note are the letters sent to Markham during World War II, which include commentary on the war from brothers fighting around the world.
83March 25, 1943. Phi Delta Theta, Golden Legion Certificate.
84Sept. 3, 1945- August 27, 1983. Phi Delta Theta letters and miscellaneous items, including WWII letters.
85Spring 1995 edition-Spring 1996. Phi Delta Theta newsletter, letter about the directory and phone lists.
Items separated include: A Phi Delta notebook, Aug. 15, 1945-Oct. 1996, which includes photocopied articles about members, alumni newsletter, booklet for Duke Alumni Reunion 1996, “Phis of the Forties” booklet, and additional memorabilia. (Box 11) An album of Phi Delt photos taken in the spring of 1945. Courtesy of John Lentz, this album has seven small photographs with individuals identified. (Box 11)
4. Personal and Family Materials
The Markham family stayed very close and in touch through the decades. Personal letters, clippings, and papers of Markham, his sister Sarah and his father Charles Markham Sr. are included. Clippings topics vary and include Markham himself, city issues, historic landmarks, and recipes.
4.1. Clippings
4.1.1 Mayor Markham’s Clippings
Mainly from the Durham Morning Herald . Most have the date included somewhere on the article. Topics collected include Markham’s actions as mayor, Durham neighborhood services, and organizations that Markham participated in.
Box 5
86March 1, 1967- Sept. 11, 1976. Clippings and articles including political issues.
87May 30, 1971-Oct. 7, 1984, and undated. Clippings related to historic landmarks (mainly hotels).
88Sept. 26, 1979-Jan. 26, 1982. Miscellaneous clippings.
89April 27, 1982- Aug. 8, 1983. Miscellaneous clippings.
90Oct. 27, 1983-Oct. 26, 1984 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
91Jun. 6, 1989- Jan. 29, 1993. Clippings on Durham neighborhood revitalization and trash collection service.
91 BJune 1995. Miscellaneous clippings.
92May 4, 1995-Jan. 25, 1999. Miscellaneous clippings on natural areas, historic sites, and well-known individuals in Durham.
931998-1999. Miscellaneous clippings from folder originally titled "Personal Interest Clips."
94Jan. 26-May 8, 1999. Miscellaneous clippings.
95May 11-Aug. 27, 1999. Miscellaneous clippings.
96Sept. 12, 1999-Sept. 23, 2000. Miscellaneous clippings.
97Undated. Miscellaneous clippings related to the Markham family.
Items separated include: Newspapers, full issues or sections. It is not clear who saved these. They include the North Carolina Anvil , the Carolina Times , the Herald-Sun , and the Raleigh News and Observer, dating from 1977-2000. (Box 8)
4.1.2 Sarah Markham Clippings
Largely undated; available dates range between 1963 and 1995. Clipped from the New York Times , The Durham Morning Herald , Mount Sinai Medical Center News , and Christian Science Monitor . Subjects covered include historic homes, successful women, cooking, and her brother’s political career.
Box 6
981963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
991963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
1001963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
1011963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
1021963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings. 
1031963-1995 and undated. Miscellaneous clippings.
4.2 Charles Markham Sr. Papers .
Clippings, reports, and miscellaneous items relate to activities of Charles Markham Sr. Includes work done at Duke University and First Baptist Church. Also includes materials on the death of Charles Markham Sr. in 1955. Note that some of the folder numbers are out of sequence because of the order of processing.
104Nov. 9, 1932; Nov. 28, 1932; Dec. 11, 1932; and April 11, 1948. Letter from the university division chairman for the American Red Cross asking for membership and donations. Includes a list of activities that the Red Cross performed the previous year. Also includes a membership card. Letter from J. G. Hood from the West Virginia Coal Company. Letter on insurance policy. Hotel bill for Tutwiler Hotel in Birmingham, AL.
105April 26, 1948; March 21, 1949; and March 31, 1949. Letter from Sadie Markham. Letter from Eleanor Markham. Letter from W. T. Ingram (president of the Southern Association of College and University Business Officers) concerning a meeting at Berea College. Copy of the conference program.
106April 11, 1949; April 21, 1949; April 23, 1949; April 25, 1949; and May 1, 1949. Confirmation of plans to attend the conference. Receipt for the purchase of a car. Information on the conference. Business manager from Emory wanted to meet and swap financial ideas. Train ticket stubs to NY.
107Jan. 26, 1950; Feb. 17, 1950; March 27, 1950; April 12, 1950; and undated. Letters (1) from R. A. Parham, (2) concerning a load being paid off, (3) acknowledging the large gift Markham gave the Loyalty Fund at Duke University, (4) concerning a vacation to visit friends. Cards for donations to the church.
108April 1948-March 1950. Duke University Endowment security sheets (letters and financial statements).
109April 1948-Sept. 30, 1949 and undated. First Baptist Church (budget statements, newsletters, programs, and miscellaneous items).
110Dec. 6, 1955-Dec. 10, 1955. Notice of death of Charles Markham’s father.
4.3 Sarah Markham Papers
Two folders include letters written to Sarah Markham, a note from her brother, and some church papers. Several photographs found in envelopes addressed to Sarah Markham depict unknown individuals. These are undated and it is difficult to tell when or where they were taken. Her scrapbooks reflect her involvement in her family and her community, containing information on her siblings, cultural institutions, and church matters.
111Dec. 17, 1955; Feb. 16, 1962; Feb. 20, 1962; March 31, 1988; July 4, 1972; June 8, 1973; and undated. Papers associated with Sarah Markham. Two letters from friends Zelma and Reba. Also includes two dated envelopes containing photographs of unknown individuals.
112Oct. 18, 1985- Oct. 27, 1985. Sarah Markham’s material for St. Philip’s Church.
Items separated include: A scrapbook, 1980-1982 and undated, containing clippings on Markham, recipes, school related individuals, and the library. (Box 11) A small book on St. Philips Episcopal Church published in 1992. (Box 11) A scrapbook containing letters and miscellaneous brochures largely from the mid-1980s. (Box 9)
4.4 Eleanor Markham Papers
Contain letters sent to or concerning Eleanor Markham. Most relate to involvement in the Sigma Pi Sigma fraternity at Duke University or academic information in general.
113April 25, 1932; June 1, 1932; June 15, 1932; and Oct. 7, 1932. Letter of evaluation of an officer in the Sigma Pi Sigma Fraternity. Eleanor's grade summary at Duke University. Letter from her aunt Louise concerning clothing that was being sent to Eleanor at camp. Invitation to join Sigma Pi Sigma Fraternity.
114Oct. 21, 1932; Nov. 15, 1932; Dec. 3, 1932; Feb. 21, 1933; March 9, 1933; and May 26, 1933. Letter concerning an honors students' meeting. Formal invitation to join Sigma Pi Sigma Fraternity. Formally introduced into the fraternity. Note from a friend about class. Announcement for a Sigma Pi Sigma meeting. List of questions for a course from A. O. Hudson.
115April 24, 1933; and June 1933; June 9, 1933; Oct. 16, 1933; Nov. 15, 1933; April 9, 1934; undated; Sept. 22, 1934; June 8, 1938; and April 18, 1934. Pi Mu Epsilon meeting announcement. Grade summary. Letter from a friend "Beth." Accepted into the Delta Phi Alpha Fraternity. Delta Phi Alpha party announcement. Letter about receiving diploma. Invitation to join the American Association of University Women (includes small brochure). Letter from friend studying abroad. Class schedule for 1934. Columbia University received her application for graduate school.
4.5 Letters sent to Lina Mallory Hackney
Includes many letters written by Edward C. Hackney to Lina Mallory during their courtship in the early 1880s. These were Mayor Markham’s maternal grandparents who lived in the Durham area in the late 19 th century. One letter is sent from a Lucy C. Mallory. Some of the letters were composed on stationery with the letterhead of the Recorder and N.C. Tobacco Journal where E. C. Hackney was an editor. Mayor Markham arranged some of the letters into envelopes with dates and abbreviated notes on content.
Box 7
116Undated. Four letters written during the courtship.
117Undated. Four letters written during the courtship.
118Undated. Four letters written during the courtship.
119Undated. Four letters written during the courtship.
120Undated. Five letters written during the courtship.
121Oct. 3, 1882. One love letter from E. C. Hackney to Lina Mallory.
122May 19, 1908. Letters on when they will meet, who is sick, and day-to-day business. Also one letter from Lucy C. Mallory to Lina Hackney.
123June 5, 1882; and undated. Letter from E. C. Hackney to "Miss Alice." Other letters relate to the couple seeing one another and having a picture taken of Lina.
124Undated. Two letters written during the courtship.
125Undated. Four letters written during the courtship.
4.6 Letters sent to Sadie Hackney Markham
These letters are mainly comprised of love letters sent by C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney while they were courting at the turn of the 19 th century, some during the time he was finishing his education at Duke University. Other letters include those sent by Sadie's son in the early 1950s. Also two letters address a conflict that occurred at a camp in Mt. Vernon Springs. Notes or arrangement provided by Mayor Markham are included.
126Oct. 9, 1901; Nov. 18, 1901; March 31, 1902; and Jan. 8, 1902. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
127Jan. 12, 1901; July 4, 1903; Dec. 21, 1902; and Aug. 10, 1906. Letters concerning C. B. Markham's illness and issues at school.
128Sept. 15, 1902; July 3, 1902; Oct. 19, 1902 Letter about illness. Mainly love letters.
129Aug. 2, 1906; June 23, 1902; July 9, 1907; and June 27, 1903. Love letters.
130Feb. 11, 1903; July 14, 1908; July 10, 1903; and Jan. 19, 1908. C. B. Markham is in summer school in New York in 1908 and on a trip to Greensboro, NC.
131July 5, 1908; June 20, 1904; June 28, 1901; Oct. 11, 1902; and Jan 12, 1908. C. B. Markham is in New York in 1908 doing summer school. In 1904, Sadie's mother is ill and he is concerned. In 1901, Sadie is hiding the love notes he sends. While in New York, the couple had some problems and Markham is distraught on the subject.
Box 13
132July 18, 1907. Chief Woodall to Sadie Hackney about the camp at Mt. Vernon Springs.
133Feb. 23, 1908; July 7, 1907; July 19, 1902; Dec. 9, 1902; and undated. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
134Sept. 12, 1901. Love letter from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
135March 19, 1902. Love letter from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
136April 2, 1901; July 25, 1901; Aug. 10, 1901; Oct. 2, 1901; and March 16, 1902 . Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
137May 28, 1902; July 17, 1902; Aug. 5, 1902; and Feb. 22, 1903. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
138March 29, 1903; April 5, 1903; June 30, 1903; and Nov. 11, 1903. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
139Aug. 10, 1904; Feb. 1, 1906; July 31, 1906; and Aug. 8, 1906. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
140Aug. 13, 1906; Aug. 15, 1906; Feb. 5, 1908; and March 22, 1908. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
141March 25, 1908; April 15, 1908; and July 5, 1908. Love letters from C. B. Markham to Sadie Hackney.
142Sept. 5, 1951; and April 12, 1954. Discussion concerning Mayor Markham's brother-in-law. Mayor Markham's dating.
143Undated. Two love letters.
144June 14, 1901; July 16, 1901; Nov. 12, 1902; and Sept. 23, 1902. Four love letters.
145Oct. 13, 1901; Nov. 3, 1901; Feb. 8, 1902; and Oct. 11, 1902. Four love letters.
146June 22, 1903. One love letter.
147June 2, 1907; Dec. 8, 1902; April 8, 1908; and Feb. 24, 1908. Four love letters.
4.7 Letters to miscellaneous individuals connected to the Markham family
Sent to Dr. Blackwell Markham, Mrs. Willis T. Brogden, John Markham, and an unknown individual.
148July 11, 1952 and Aug. 12, 1952; June 29, 1924; and June 7, 1951. Letters sent to Dr. Blackwell Markham (cousin or uncle), mailed from South Carolina and signed by "M." Letter sent to Mrs. Willis T. Brogden from a man of business in Durham. Letter on genealogy. It is not clear who this was to or from.
149Dec. 3, 1920; and 1924. Letter sent to Ritta Greer through Eleanor Markham. The letter is from Ms. Greer's relative concerning the suffrage movement in Philadelphia. Also a letter from 1924 on the opening and advertising of a local store.
4.8 Genealogical Research
Charles Markham Sr. began inquiring into his genealogy by 1932. In the years after, his children kept the materials intact and continued his work. Other notable family connections in the research include the Hackney and Carlton families.
1501932 and undated. Genealogy inquiries.
151Undated. Genealogy notes for the family.
152Undated. Genealogy notes for the family.
153Undated. Genealogy notes for the family; includes a folder on the Carlton branch of the family.
154Feb. 8, 1935. Genealogy notes for the family.
1551965 Genealogy letters and information concerning the Hackney family.
Items separated include: Two binders containing notes on the genealogy of the Markhams. Most likely they were completed by Charles Markham Sr. (Box 11). Published book entitled The Markhams in America: From 1790-1998 . (Box 11)
4.9 Memorials to individuals outside of the family
Clippings and pamphlets in this series document individuals who were important to the Markham family. Information includes who the individuals were and the date of their funerals.
Box 14
156Oct. 1982. Memorial information for Samuel C. Jackson.
157Feb. 25, 1983. Memorial to Nancy Hanks (clippings and programs).
158Oct. 1998. Memorial to Margret Yvonne Whisenton.
4.10  Miscellaneous Personal Materials
4.10.1 Ephemera
Clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous papers displaying daily activities of Markham and organizations he was a member of. Include class reunion information for Durham High School classes of 1942 and 1943 and Duke University class of 1945. Also includes items on Final Four Basketball Tournament, Durham Rotary Club, and the Historic Preservation Society of Durham. Photographs include two images of Markham as a young man and many including unidentified individuals.
1591978 Letter discussing the Markham family dispute over property rights.
160Feb. 1, 1982. Durham Rotary Bulletin.
1611984-1994. Miscellaneous brochures and documents, mainly on historic homes.
162Oct. 18, 1989 and 1991. Durham Hosiery Mill letters, notes, and articles.
163spring 1990, spring 1992, and undated. Historic Preservation Newsletter issues and parts of issues.
1641991, 1992, and 1999. Final Four basketball information.
1651992 and undated. Clippings and documents related to the Durham High School classes of 1942 and 1943 fiftieth reunions.
166Sept. 17, 1995. Duke University class of 1945 fiftieth reunion (name tag, programs, agendas, attendee list, and miscellaneous items).
167May 1999. First Union Bank relocation (letters and articles).
1681931- Jan. 21, 1961. Bowie horse races booklet, Catalogue of rare and out of print books, and the Cadmus Book Shop Catalog.
1691997-1999. Miscellaneous financial groups.
170Undated. Three photographs of Markham as a young man and possibly a camp that he visited.
171May 12, 1939; April 22, 1941. Junior Hi-Lights newspaper (Charles Markham in a school play); The Hi-Rocket (Markham on the winning team of the NC State debate championships).
1721940s-1985. Miscellaneous photographs, some unidentified and others attached to letters they were mailed with.
173Undated. Four black and white photographs of unidentified individuals.
1741995 Three color photographs of identified individuals.
175 and 176Undated Ephemera such as clippings, handwritten notes, brochures, and torn pages from books.
Items separated include: A notebook containing clippings and photocopies of clippings concerning Markham, restaurants, recipes, and Civic Center issues, Rotary Club speech (May 10, 1982), and a letter sent out in the 1981 mayoral campaign for endorsement (Box 9). A scrapbook, Dec. 9, 1981-March 7, 1986, that includes family photographs (1981-1982), clippings about Durham as the All-American City and other miscellaneous topics (Box 10). Funeral service book for Eleanor Markham, obituaries (Jan 27, 2001).(Box 12). Oversized photographs and reprints of John Mallory (Markham’s great-grandfather) and Edward C. Hackney (Markham’s grandfather). undated (White sleeve in cabinet 16).
4.10.2     Personal letters
Letters and any other paper materials sent through the mail or delivered. Topics range from Markham’s education at Duke University to retirement. The bulk of the letter collection is notes from Markham’s mother and sisters. Additional authors include fellow Duke graduates and law associates. Due to the volume of the collection, detailed notes are not provided for all folders.
Box 15
177June-July 1941. Family members writing concerning Markham's time at the Broadview Ranch in Lexington, VA.
178July 1941. Broadview Ranch, cont.
179July 1941. Broadview Ranch, cont.
180August 1941 and Sept. 6, 1945. Miscellaneous friends.
181Jan. 1949. Markham in Washington, DC; Letter from Roy Baker concerning Markham leaving the Young Democrats; letter from friend Wayne Pennington.
182Jan. 1949. Mainly letters from his mother.
183Feb. 1949. Letters from fellow Duke Alums, Tom Fesperman and Ralph Gibson. 1949 Young Democrat Clubs of North Carolina Handbook.
184Feb.- March 1949. Ralph Gibson letter, Easter cards, and Miscellaneous
185March-April 1949. Letters from mother, one from Basil L. Whitener.
Box 16
186May 1949. Mainly letters from mother, one from Ralph Gibson and one from Carl Howard.
187June-July 1949. Basil Whitener and mother.
188July 1949. Mainly letters from his mother.
189Aug. 1949. Ralph Gibson, mother, and sister. Also includes postcards.
190Sept. 1949. Mother, Western Union from Roy Baker.
191Sept. 1949-Oct. 1949. Mother and unknown.
192Nov. 1949-Dec. 1949. Miscellaneous friends.
193July and Nov. 1952. Mother and unknown author.
194Oct. 1957-Nov. 1957. Patty Wolcott, mother, unknown.
195Nov. 1957-Dec. 1957. Letter from his mother, wedding invitation, postcard, and miscellaneous
196Jan. 1958. Invitation to social function, stocks update, and Harry Ashmore
197Feb. 1958-April 1958. Letters from Patty Wolcott, unknown, Markham's mother, and sister Eleanor.
Box 17
198April 1958-June 1958. Mainly mother, some finance related, and a letter from Harry Ashmore concerning the Pulitzer.
199June 4-24, 1958. Charles A. Dukes (first director of Duke University Alumni Association, concerning Markham's sister Sarah's case against the school/hospital for firing her); unknown authors, and family writing about Sarah's case.
200June 30-July 28, 1958. More on Sarah's problems, letter from Charles Dukes, Markham's mother, and letter from an unknown individual.
201August- Sept. 1958. Letters from his mother and unknown individual.
202Sept. -Oct. 1958. Papers documenting some of the events around Sarah's case sent by Eleanor. Letters from Markham's mother.
203Nov. 1958-Jan. 1959. Letters from unknown individual and Markham's mother.
204Jan.3-March 1960. Letters from Walter Cannon, unknown friend, and Markham's mother.
205April 1959-May 1959. Letter from miscellaneous friends and Markham's mother.
206June-August 12, 1959. Letter from Norman T. Byrnes, miscellaneous friends, Markham's mother and sister.
207Aug. 20-31 1959. One telegram, one letter from Patty Wolcott, one letter from Arson Welles, and letters from miscellaneous friends.
Box 18
208Sept. 4-Nov. 1959. Letters from Markham's mother, birthday cards from relatives, and one letter from Patty Wolcott.
209Jan.- Feb. 17 1960. Letters from Markham's mother and miscellaneous friends.
210March 1960. Letters mainly from Markham's sister and mother.
211April-May 1960. Letters from law acquaintances, letters including receipts, and several letters from Markham's mother.
212June 12-Sept. 8 1960. Letters from law acquaintances concerning the ABA Conference, letters from Markham's mother.
213Sept. 9-Dec. 31, 1960. Letters from friends in the law and Markham's mother.
214Jan 1961-July 1961. Letters from Markham's mother, a wedding invitation, and letters from miscellaneous friends.
Box 19
215July 1961. Letters from Markham's mother, Patty Wolcott, and miscellaneous friends.
216Aug.-Sept. 1961. Doctor, Mother, Sarah Markham, baby announcement, birthday card
217Oct.- Dec. 1961. Letters from Markham's mother, Carl Maas, and miscellaneous friends.
218Jan.-March 1962. Letters from Markham's mother and miscellaneous friends.
219March-June 1962. Cards and letters from Markham's mother.
220June 1962. Wedding invitations, cards from Markham's friends.
221June-July 1962. One letter from Sally Stack, several from Markham's mother, and one from Markham's sister, Eleanor.
222July-Aug. 1962. Letters from Markham's mother, an invitation to "Meet Rosemary McGrath" (a candidate for the Republican Party to the New York State Assembly), and letters from miscellaneous friends.
223August-Sept. 1962. Letters from Markham's mother, birthday cards from relatives.
224Oct.-Dec. 1962. Letters from Markham's mother, miscellaneous friends.
225Jan.-Feb. 1963. A certificate of service to the "Spring Street Club."
226Sept. 1968 and 1969. Birthday cards from Markham's mother, Eleanor and Sarah, and letters from miscellaneous friends.
227March 1973. Sympathy letters at the loss of Sadie Markham, Markham's mother.
Box 20
228Sept. 22, 1977- Dec. 1980. Scattered letters from miscellaneous friends.
229Oct. 5, 1981-Oct. 28, 1983. Letters from miscellaneous friends including two from Jo Hill Dobbins on a law case.
230Oct. 31, 1983-July 2, 1986. Letters thanking Markham for taking particular actions, letter discussing Markham's retiring from teaching Law.
231May 31-June 13 1983 and undated; and July 8, 1983. Notes addressing Markham's surgery in 1983. Forty additional cards have been removed. Those kept are either sent by a large group or included information aside from the surgery.
232June 1984. Get well notes/cards for Markham's second surgery.
233Dec. 22, 1990 Packet sent in Dec. 1989 from Art Altman concerning life updates, career choices, and some information on short stories.
234Oct. 2, 1990-Sept. 29, 1992. Letters from friends describing their lives, several letters from Jo Hill Dobbins.
235March 14, 1991, and April 25, 1991. Two letters concerning the Markam home on Dillard Street in Durham.
236Feb. 22, 1992, and April 17, 1992. Materials on trip Markham and Jo Hill Dobbins took to Paris.
237Oct. 20, 1979 and undated. Letters that Markham wrote to Mr. Watts Carr Jr. and "Harris."
238Undated. Letters, ephemera, and clippings sent to or acquired by Markham.
5. Scrapbook
Box 211948-1955 Clippings and photographs relating to Markham's time in Washington, early law education and career, and his friends.
Box 22
1.1 Campaign Materials
1979 Campaign materials and clippings.
1981 Election clippings.
1981, 1983, 1986 Certificates of election and nomination.
1983-1984 Mayoral and campaign clippings.
Undated Campaign maps of Durham.
1.2 Issue Files
Contains correspondence, newspaper clippings, and other documentation about the transformation of a hosiery mill into a housing project with funds from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The project was subsequently brought to national attention when HUD Secretary Samuel Pierce was investigated for mismanagement and granting personal favors. Includes separated item in Box 8. 1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project.
1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project.
1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project.
1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project.
1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project.
1981-1991 Durham Hosiery Mill project
1.3 Miscellaneous Papers as Mayor
1980-1984 and undated Mayoral speeches, statements, and remarks
1982-1985 and undated Speech notes
1983-1985 Major statements and speeches as mayor
1985 Certificate of service from the City of Durham
1983-1986 Correspondence
2. Academic and Professional Career
1940-1944 and undated High school and college writings
February 1944 Speech for Duke Chronicle editor election
March 30, 1945 "Farewell editorial, Duke Chronicle"
August 19-20, 1965 The White House Conference on Equal Employment Opportunity booklet
1974 Rutgers Law School correspondence
1969 Photographs of swearing-in to Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
October 30, 1983 Resignation Statement, North Carolina Central University Law School
February 2, 1987 Cassette tape labeled "Charles Markham's Resolution"
Undated Article and letters about Black Mountain College
3.3 Miscellaneous Materials of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity
November 1944 "The Duke Phi" newsletter
4. Personal and Family Materials
Box 24 (contains pictorial materials) 1962-1965
1987-1997 Duke University and First Baptist Church materials
Undated Duke University Reunion booklet
4.1.1 Mayor Markham's Clippings
1964-1975 Letters to Lina Mallory
4.2 Charles Markham Sr. Papers Family report cards and genealogical notes
1939, 1948, 1955
4.4 Eleanor Markham Papers Baby book for Charles Blackwell Markham Jr., Markham's older brother who died as an infant
1986 Duke University commencement program
4.5 Letters sent to Lina Mallory Hackney High school materials
undated Photographs
4.8 Genealogical Research Photographs
1934-1947 and undated Unidentified photographs
4.10.1 Ephemera "EEOC Christmas party songs"
1910 Film labeled "Markham 204 Dillard"
1939 Photographs of Chronicle reunion and other friends
1941 and undated Travel photographs of Soviet Union, Ireland, and unlabeled
1943-1984 and undated Event programs
1948, 1955, 1969 and undated "Pictures of Eloise"
1951 and undated New Testament and Psalms with initials "C. B. Markham"
July 1977 Letter from Sarah Markham to the family
1980-1991 Letters from Charles Markham
1989 Letters, cards, invitations, and negatives, 1944-1956
Undated Correspondence with Samuel Pierce and Ike Andrews
4.10.2 Personal Letters
1940 and undated
1979 and 1981