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The Resources

Anderson, Jean Bradley. Durham County, North Carolina. Durham: Duke University Press, 1990.

Brown, Hugh Victor. E-qual-ity Education in North Carolina Among Negroes. Raleigh: Irving-Swain Press, 1964.

Brown, Hugh Victor. A History of the Education of Negroes in North Carolina. Raleigh: Irving-Swain Press, 1961.

Cooke, Dennis Hargrove. The White Superintendent and the Negro Schools in North Carolina. Nashville: George Peabody College for Teachers, 1930.

Fairclough, Adam. A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth. Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics Of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Hanchett, Thomas W. “The Rosenwald Schools and Black Education in North Carolina.” North Carolina Historical Review LXV: 4, October 1988: 387-425.

Hoffschwelle, Mary S. The Rosenwald Schools of the American South. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2006.

The Jeanes Supervisors: Striving to Educate. 1995. Produced by Vernon F. Clark. Breaking New Ground Productions.

Jones, Lance. The Jeanes Teacher in the United States, 1908-1933. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937.

Krause, Bonnie J., “We Did Move Mountains!: Lucy Saunders Herring, North Carolina Jeanes Supervisor and African American Educator, 1916-1968.” North Carolina Historical Review LXXX: 2, April 2003: 188-212.

Leloudis, James. Schooling the New South: Pedagogy, Self and Society in North Carolina, 1880-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Littlefield, Valinda W. I Am Only One, But I Am One. Ph.D. Dissertation: University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 2003.

Littlefield, Valinda W. "'To Do the Next Needed Thing:' Jeanes Teachers in the Southern United States, 1908-1934." Telling Women’s Lives. Edited by Kathleen Weiler and Sue Middleton. Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1999: 130-146.

Malczewski, Joan. Northern Philanthropists, the State, and Rural Blacks: The Implementation of Education Reform in North Carolina During the Progressive Era. Ph. D. Dissertation: Columbia University, 2002.

Newbold, N. C. Five North Carolina Negro Educators. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.

NASC Interim History Writing Committee: Mildred M. Wilson, Kara Vaughn Jackson, Madie A. Kiney, Susie W. Wheeler, Rebecca Davis, Rebecca A. Crawford, Maggie Forte, Ethel Bell. The Jeanes Story: A Chapter in the History of American Education 1908-1968. Atlanta: Southern Education Foundation, 1979. (All of these authors were Jeanes teachers).

Smith, Alice Brown. Forgotten Foundations: The Role of Jeanes Teachers in Black Education. New York: Vantage Press, 1997.

Walker, Vanessa Siddle. Their Highest Potential: An African American School Community in the Segregated South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1996.

Westin, Richard B. A History of the Durham School System, 1882-1933. Master’s Thesis: Duke University, 1960.

Wright, Arthur D. Negro Rural School Fund (Anne T. Jeanes Foundation) 1907-1933. Washington: Negro Rural School Fund, Inc., 1933.

Durham Recorder
Durham Morning Sun
Durham Morning Herald
Raleigh News and Observer

Durham County Library, North Carolina Collection; Durham County Board of Education Minutes

North Carolina State Archives, Department of Public Instruction, Division of Negro Education Records

Archives and Special Collections, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta University Center, Southern Education Foundation Records

Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University Library, William Hane Wannamaker Papers

Treasure Room, James E. Shepard Library, North Carolina Central University

Fisk University Rosenwald Database

Other Resources

Alexander, Will Winton. The Slater and Jeanes Funds, an Educator's Approach to a Difficult Social Problem. Washington, DC, 1934.

Ascoli, Peter Max. Julius Rosenwald: The Man Who Built Sears, Roebuck and Advanced the Cause of Black Education in the American South. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.

Botsch, Carol Sears. Jeanes Supervisors. University of South Carolina-Aiken Political Science Department.

Eckholm, Erik. “Black Schools Restored as Landmarks.” New York Times, Jan. 14, 2010, A16.

Engelhardt, Elizabeth. "Canning Tomatoes, Growing 'Better and More Prefect Women' The Girls' Tomato Club Movement." Southern Cultures, Winter 2009.

Georgia Association of Jeanes Curriculum Directors. 1975. Jeanes Supervision in Georgia Schools: A Guiding Light in Education: A History of the Program from 1908-1975. [Atlanta?] : The Association.

Interview with Narvie Harris by Kathryn L. Nasstrom, June 11, 1992
. G-0084, in the Southern Oral History Program Collection #4007, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Public School Commission of North Carolina. Public Education in North Carolina. New York: General Education Board, 1921.

Seay, Elizabeth Irene. A History of the North Carolina College for Negroes. Master’s thesis: Duke University, 1941.

Slinkard, Thomas Raikes. Public Education in North Carolina During the Depression, 1929-1933. Master’s thesis: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1948.

Southern Oral History Program. The Hayti Spectrum: Documenting Negro Life of the 1920s, '30s, and '40s in Durham, N.C. (archival material)

Southern Education Foundation (SEF). 1916-1931: Jim Crow Segregation.

State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Course of Study for the Elementary Schools of North Carolina. Raleigh: Division of Supervision, 1923.

Thuesen, Sarah Caroline. Classes of Citizenship: The Culture and Politics of Black Public Education in North Carolina, 1919-1960. Ph.D. Dissertation: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2003.

University Commission on Southern Race Questions. Minutes of the University Commission on Southern Race Questions, 1910s.

Virginia Estelle Randolph, Pioneer Educator, 1874-1958, DVD and streaming video, 2009.

Westin, Richard Barry. The State and Segregated Schools: Negro Public Education in North Carolina, 1863-1923. Ph.D. Dissertation: Duke University, 1966.

Winford, Brandon Kyron Lenzie. ‘The Struggle for Freedom Begins Every Morning’: The Durham Committee on Negro Affairs, 1935-1970. Master’s thesis: North CarolinaCentral University,  2007.

For a complete list of resources, please see the bibliography on pages 126-127 of Persistence and Sacrifice: Durham County’s African American Community and the Jeanes Teachers Build Community and Schools, 1900-1930.

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